Security has become second nature to people in the past few years, when your home, car or personal belongings. Our computers are no exception, as digital thieves are lurking everywhere and can be almost impossible to detect by the average user. Prevent unauthorized access to your mobile home or corporate network (Wi-Fi) is a very important step to take, because there is not a hacker necessary that you should be treated personally, and perhaps in a house or an apartment in the near or even inside a car parked in the street. Wi-Fi hackers have been known to through neighborhoods looking for wireless networks in people's homes, go to the access through the open doors of several in the configuration of a wireless router, and then have a field day, the with your information. In this article we are going step by step through the various settings of your wireless router to go leaving your network vulnerable, and what needs to protect the network against hackers to change most.
Step 1: The first thing to do is to enter the configuration utility of our router. To do this, you must first know the IP address of your gateway. You can do this, go to Start> Run and type cmd start. This opens a command prompt session. At the command prompt, type "ipconfig" without the quotes, type and press. When this is done, while connected to the network, the return of the various figures. The requirement is listed as "Default Gateway". Take the IP address as "Default Gateway" and enter specified, or copy them. If you are not familiar with IP addresses, is a series of numbers separated by periods are as follows: 192.168.1.1 In fact, this particular IP address I used the gateway as an example the most common, but it may be something otherwise appear. Now copy the IP address, open a web browser such as Internet Explorer or Firefox, and paste or type the IP address displayed in the address bar and press Enter. It opens the login page for the router. If your login information to come here know, if not, see the manufacturer's identification, user name and password of your router. You can find it available in the manual with the router, or visit the website of the manufacturer and model number of your router's manual (this can be found on a sticker on the back, side or bottom of the router.) Everything First to the common user ID as "admin" and "password" or try the password "admin" as username and password. If this fails, the data refer to the manufacturer's user ID and password. If your user ID and password, and I forgot, or the ID and password default setting does not work if others in your household has access to the router or had the owner, the user name and password can be changed by default. In this case, you can reset the default values by pressing the reset button on the back of the router for at least 5 seconds. Now you can log in with your user ID and password by default set by the manufacturer.
Step 2: Change the user name and password when you set the standard manufacturer. If someone access to your wireless network, you can easily change access to your router settings and to meet.
Step 3: Change your SSID. The SSID is the name you see on your wireless network if you are looking for open networks via Wi-Fi device. If the default SSID set by the manufacturer, any person who is an open network in the vicinity of his saw, and with a little research on the internet you can find the model number of your router, help them get access to the configuration of your router.
Step 4: Turn off the SSID broadcast. Broadcast SSID, it's just that displayed when searching for open networks in the region, the name of open networks on your device. If your SSID, turn off the transmission, if users search on open networks, not even his own show, so do not know the reason, your wireless network is available. You will still be able to connect to the network, enter the SSID enabled Wi-Fi is in its manual.
Step 5: If available, can WPA2 encryption. If WPA2 is not available, enabling WPA encryption. If it is not available and that WEP is not available, you can find your router's manual or website for more information about updating the firmware of your router. An update of your router can support for WPA or WPA2. If no updates are available for your existing router, you can consider buying a new router like yours is probably very outdated. WPA2 is ideal because it is much more secure than WPA and WEP, in particular.
Step 6: Setting up a pre-shared key or PSK or network key. Regardless of the router, it calls the "Password" on the network. This should not be using the password you changed in step 2 are mixed on the router. Your pre-shared key installation must be impossible to guess, and should be uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers and special characters. It is very important to include these provisions make it almost impossible to break, but not so long that it takes 5 minutes to get into all devices. If it is difficult to remember, always available when you need it, call back the configuration of your router.
Step 7: Enable MAC address filtering and MAC address authentication. This step is optional and should only be performed if you are with your visitors, the Wi-Fi, or if they use the equipment your Wi-Fi devices have to be the same. A MAC address is an identifier that almost all the Internet or a network-enabled device, which looks like this: 00:20: E0: 00:41:00. Each device is created has a unique MAC address, so that they are properly identified as an individual in a network. With the MAC-address filtering or authentication, allows you to select specific devices to connect to your wireless network. All external devices unable to connect because their MAC address is not made in the list of approved devices. To add your Wi-Fi is enabled to access the list, you must first set the MAC address of each device. For computers and laptops, you can simply go to Start> Run and type "cmd" without quotes. This opens a command prompt. Then type "ipconfig / all" without quotes and press Enter. Something that "Physical Address", says should appear somewhere near the top. Next to him, you see the MAC address of the computer. Can be used with hyphens between the two characters appear instead of two points, as in the example above. That's fine, just make sure that when you enter the MAC address access list, as it appears in the format requested by the router, you may need to change to all dashes, colons. Do this for all computers that connect to your wireless network. For devices such as iPods, iPads, cell phones, etc., you should use the device information is very likely that in the setup menu (or maybe somewhere else, depending on the device). In this case, when a device is Wi-Fi, is the MAC address. Do this for all non-computer devices that connect to your wireless network and each access to notes. Remember, if you buy a new person or to visit and want to use your Wi-Fi, you need to do this step.
It is important to take all appropriate measures to protect your wireless network to implement, with the exception of the optional step # 7. There are other security measures can be implemented, but the above steps are the most important and necessary to prevent unauthorized access to your wireless network. When you have completed all the steps in this tutorial, you can be sure that your wireless network is now virtually impenetrable.
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